PROTECT WILDLIFE: THE NEED OF THE HOUR
Wildlife refers to undomesticated animal species, but it has now expanded to include all creatures that live in the wild without being introduced by people.
The wildlife is suffering. Illegal wildlife trafficking, habitat degradation, invasive species, pollution, and climate change are significant dangers to wildlife. After narcotics, arms, and human trafficking, the illegal wildlife trade is the world’s fourth-largest criminal industry.
Why do we care for wildlife?
There are diverse plant and animal species on Earth, far more than humans can count. Because of this rich diversity, the balance between the lifeforms that live on our planet is possible. All of our fundamental requirements are met by biosphere elements: the water we drink, the air we breathe and the energy and materials we use to create things play a vital role in our lives. Every single species has equal importance. Every animal on the planet has a distinct role in the food chain that contributes to the ecosystem. However, many animals and birds are becoming endangered today. Raising awareness of these facts is one of the goals of World Wildlife Day.
Wildlife contributes to the ecological equilibrium of the environment. The extinction of carnivores results in a rise in the number of herbivores, which impacts forest vegetation. As a result of food scarcity in the forest, they migrate to the agricultural area and damage our crops.
World Wildlife Day-March 3
World Wildlife Day is an occasion to highlight the several beautiful and diverse species of wild fauna and flora that exist globally and promote awareness of the numerous advantages their protection gives to humanity. The day of signature of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1973 is commemorated each year on March 3. “Recovering key species for ecosystem restoration” is the theme for 2022.
Why celebrate World Wildlife Day?
Wild animals and plants are worth improving human well-being and sustainable development in ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational, and aesthetic ways. The United Nations General Assembly’s Sixty-eighth session was resolved on December 20, 2013, to declare March 3 as World Wildlife Day to commemorate and promote awareness of the world’s diverse wildlife species. The occasion commemorates the signing of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1973, which plays a vital role in ensuring that international trade does not threaten the existence of endangered species.
What are the threats the wildlife face today?
Human activities, such as mining, farming, and building, put wildlife in danger regularly. We are disturbing and disrupting millions of species’ natural habitats and putting the world’s biodiversity in danger by chopping down too many trees, clearing too much land, and building too many highways. Nearly a quarter of all species are on the verge of extinction in the next 50 years, putting us, the humans and the life on Earth in jeopardy.
There are just a few areas on the Earth wherein human impact is not felt. We’ve travelled to practically every corner of the globe and made our mark. We are leaving less and less wildlife as our population is expanding. Human actions threaten wildlife in different ways, from habitat degradation to the introduction of exotic species and diseases. The majority of ecosystems are under pressure from multiple factors. Each new hazard adds to the stress on ecosystems and creatures already under pressure.
Over half of the world’s species are estimated to be in danger of extinction. One hundred ninety-five nations have signed an agreement to construct Biodiversity Action Plans (BAP) to safeguard endangered and vulnerable species globally.
The average yearly temperature is slowly rising as a result of climate change. The disruption of natural occurrences is one of the most visible ways climate change affects animals. Warmer temperatures cause floral plants to blossom earlier in the year, and migrating birds return from their wintering sites earlier in the spring. Phenology is the study of events or phenomena. It’s used to track and examine the dates of recurring natural phenomena concerning seasonal weather variations such as a plant’s flowering or a migrating bird’s first or last appearance. It is an essential subject for conservationists to research since it allows us to understand the patterns of species and the general health of an ecosystem. Every species influences its food chain and community, and the timing of one species’ phenological events might be critical to another species’ existence.
Wildlife conservation is known for preserving and protecting animals, plants, and ecosystems. We can ensure that future generations appreciate our natural world and the magnificent animals that dwell within it by protecting wildlife. Understanding how species interact within their habitats and how environmental and human forces influence them is critical for helping to conserve animals. We ensure that all diverse species in an area survive, procreate, and thrive by wildlife conservation, critical for ecological stability.