T he United Nations General Assembly had announced 29th June as International Tropics Day to commend the remarkable variety of the biodiversity in the tropical region of the Earth. The objective was to bring issues to light of the particular difficulties of the tropics, the far-reaching effects of the world on the tropical region, the requirement for mindfulness at all levels to tackle these difficulties, and undertaking the task of accomplishing the Sustainable Development Goals in the countries lying in the tropical zone. This day gives a fantastic chance to gauge progress, share viewpoints and experiences, and perceive the provincial variety and capability of the tropical region.
The part of the Earth between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn is known as the tropical region. It involves 36% of the world’s landmass and houses around 40% of the global populace. The typical yearly temperature in the tropics is somewhere in the range of 25 and 28 degrees Celsius. The tropics experience two seasons: the rainy and the dry season. A few parts of the tropical region, like the Amazon basin, gets around 9 feet of downpour consistently, while the Sahara Desert gets just 2–10 cm of rainfall. This distinction in precipitation influences the vegetation in various parts of the tropical region. The economic importance of the tropics results in the export of various commodities from the tropical region of the world.
Because of the economic benefits, the tropical regions are taken advantage of more than other parts of the globe. This results in:
- Obliteration of timberlands and marine biological systems of the tropical region.
- Exploitation by the fishing armadas and similar businesses.
- The introduction of obtrusive species in the tropical biological systems.
- Heavily negative impacts of climate change.
Because of these reasons, biodiversity faces grave dangers and may suffer extinction. Individuals living in the tropics face many difficulties. Lack of good quality of life influences more individuals in the tropical region than elsewhere on the planet. This is consistent with the high degree of poverty there. Subsequently, many individuals in the tropical region live in slums.
International Tropics day recognises all these facts and raises awareness about the same so that collective action can be taken to improve the condition of the tropical ecosystem for both humans and other biotic components.
The United Nations General Assembly has ensured that proper steps are taken to ensure exploitation of the tropical region stops and wants global support for this cause.
As humans, it is our collective responsibility to condemn nature’s exploitation and kinship. So, we celebrate International Tropics Day to raise awareness about the tropical region of the Earth, the challenges it faces and how it can be improved.